What Are the Seven Types of Psychology?

What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you read the word Psychology? Many would relate it to Mental Disorders. But Psychology is not only the study of mind and behavior as it encloses many facets. Facets that involve schools of thought arising from Freud.

Psychodynamic Psychology
Freud, the father of Modern Psychology, is the one who came up with the concept of Personality. His Psychodynamics Perspective initiated a series of Psychological movements. These movements included Psychoanalytic Psychology, Humanistic, Behavioral, and Cognitive Psychology. They also included Evolutionary, Cross-Cultural, and Biological psychology.

According to a UK based assignment help firm, the understanding of human conduct is different. When examining how individuals think, it is important to feel and act. Psychologists use a range of viewpoints. Some scholars concentrate on a particular school of thought.

Such as the bio-perspective where others adopt a more diverse and multifaceted approach. No single perspective is "better" than the other. Every element of human behaviour is emphasized. Although there are many schools of thoughts, we are concentrating on the seven major ones;

Psychodynamic Psychology

Sigmund Freud's work gave rise to the psychodynamic perspective. This is the theory of human behavior and psychology. It stresses the significance of the human psyche. This is based on early life experiences and interpersonal connections. These are used to explain and cure human behaviour.

Freud stated that there are three types including ego and superego that drive personality. Based on Freud’s psychoanalysis, many therapeutic tools are used today.

The psychodynamic school of thought served as a milestone. No matter how rarely it is applied, it still forms a basis of psychology.

Behavioral Psychology

According to verywellmind.com, the emphasis of behavioral psychology is on learned behaviour. The work of Edward Thorndike and John B. Watson, for example, gave rise to it. In the early 20th century, behaviour reigned in psychology. But it began to lose track in the 1950s. Behaviorism is different from other viewpoints. Since it focuses only on visible conduct instead of focusing on internal conditions.

Today, the behavioral viewpoint is on learning and strengthening behaviors. Behavioral concepts are used by therapists and counsellors in different environments. Where one explains and handles a variety of diseases.

Many prominent psychologists have also worked on observable behavior. B.F skinner and Ivan Pavlov worked on the concept of Classical and Operant conditioning. Which were a part of Behaviorism.

Cognitive Psychology

The 1960s saw the emergence of a new paradigm called cognitive psychology. This psychological field refers to mental cognition, thinking, problem solving, speech and decision-making. Cognitive viewpoint has expanded enormously during the past few decades. It was influenced by psychologists like Jean Piaget and Albert Bandura.

Cognitive psychologists use an information processing model. The model is used to understand how information is collected. It also includes understanding of how it is interpreted, saved, and used.

Cross-cultural Psychology

Cross-cultural Psychology
Cross-cultural psychology has evolved considerably during the past 20 years. It belongs to a very innovative standpoint. In this school of thinking, psychologists and scholars examine thoroughly. They examine human behaviour in different cultures.

Looking at these disparities, we may learn more. We’ll learn about the effect that culture has on our thinking and conduct. Researchers examined how individuals from diverse cultures differ in social behaviour.

In individualistic societies, the effort in a group tends to be lower. This is called social loafing phenomena. People are likely to work more when they are part of a collectivist group.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology examines the explanation of physiological processes from the notion of evolution. Genetics play a major role in this. Psychologists from this point of view apply evolution. Theories like natural selection and Darwinism are related to psychological processes.

The perspective of evolution argues that brain processes exist. Since they fulfill an evolutionary advantage. Through this, they help people survive and reproduce. ​

Humanistic Psychology

Another school of thought known as human psychology came into being in the 1950s. The work of leading humanists such as Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow changed it.

The humanistic view highlights the impact motivation has in essence. Especially when it comes to thinking and behaviour. Concepts like updating oneself are vital. Humanist-minded psychologists focus on what inspires people to grow. What helps them evolve and achieve their top performance? Positive psychology is a contemporary concept. It is a concept with humanistic emphasis on assisting people to have better and safer lives. `

Humanism has refused to accept a behavioral approach defined as deterministic. Which is focused on enhancing the behaviour of stimulus-response. And is instead based on animal studies. Humanistic psychology has also criticized the method of psychodynamics. Since it also determines human thinking and behaviour by its unconsciousness. It was perceived as illogical and with instinctual tendencies. The behaviorism and psychoanalysis of humanistic psychologists were considered to be dehumanizing.

Biological Psychology

Research by a UK assignment writing service shows that the biological perspective considers that behaviour is a result of genetics and physiology. It is the only technique in psychology that looks from a biophysical viewpoint. It centers around thoughts, feelings, and conducts. Eventually, all ideas, feelings, and actions have an organic source. Researchers using a biological psychology approach can examine how genetics affect behaviour. They can also identify how damage is caused to certain regions of the brain.

Biological Psychology
A few topics of concern to the biologic psychologist include the neurological system. Also, genetics, structure of the brain, immune system, and the endocrine system are involved. In the last several decades they were able to study the human brain and nervous system with progress. The viewpoint is considerably growing. The MRI and PET scans are designed to provide researchers with tools for observing a brain. Scientists may now investigate the impact of brain injury, medicines, and disease innovatively.

Thus, the various branches of psychology serve as a milestone. These branches form the core content of psychology syllabi. This is because these schools of thought have worked the most on Human psychology.

The many viewpoints in modern psychology provide researchers and students with tools. Such tools that are needed for addressing issues and answering questions.

They also help psychologists in developing new ways of explaining. And predicting human conduct. This inquiry and better knowledge can potentially lead to new methods of therapy.

Albert Barkley

Hello, my name is Albert Barkley. I am working as education consultant with a UK based firm after completion of my PhD. I like to write on different social, tech and education trends.

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